How to Convert Strings to Bytes in Python

Minimal Python examples of how to convert string to bytes and vice versa. Let’s start Python REPL and experiment. $ python3 Python 3.7.0 (default, Jul 3 2018, 23:47:55) [Clang 9.0.0 (clang-900.0.39.2)] on darwin Type “help”, “copyright”, “credits” or “license” for more information.

Getting Started with JSON Web Tokens and Python

JSON Web Token is an open standard that defines a way for securely transmitting JSON objects. The JSON object can be verified and trusted because it’s digitally signed. The JSON web tokens can be signed by using a secret with the HMAC algorithm or by public / private key pair using RSA.

How to Run Flask Database Migration.

Flask-Migrate is an extension that handles SQLAlchemy database migrations for Flask applications using Alembic. Database operations are made available through the Flask command-line interface or through the Flask-Script extension.